The Unani Tibb system of medicine is traced to the system of Greek medicine developed during the Arab civilisation, is also called the Greco-Arab system. The name Unani (Ionian) is considered indicative of the Greek origin of the system, though the European historians call it Arab medicine, now prevalent in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. It had gone also to places where the asian muslims took it along.
It was Hippocrates, the Greek philosopher-physician (460 to 377 BCE), who relieved medicine from the grip of superstition and magic and gave it the status of science. The theoretical frame work of Unani is based on the teachings of Hippocrates. Subsequent to him, a number of Greek scholars have enriched the system considerably. Of them was Galen (131—210 CE) standing out as the one who established the fundamentals of Unani on which the Arab physicians like Rhazes (850-925 CE) and Avicinna (980-1037 CE) constructed an imposing edifice. Thus there is some justification in calling Unani as a Greco-Arab (Islamic) system. By the time the Muslim religion came into being, Unani was in use.
Most medicines and remedies used in Unani are from common herbs and foods.The base used in Unani medicine is often honey. Honey is considered by some to have healing properties and hence is used in food and medicines practiced in the Islamic world. Real pearls and metal are also used in the making of Unani medicine, based on the kind of ailment it aimed to heal.
Unani System has shown remarkable results in curing the diseases like Arthritis, Leucoderma, Jaundice, Liver disorders, Nervous system disorders, Bronchial Asthma, and several other acute and chronic diseases where other systems have not been able to give desired response. Now the system has crossed national boundaries and is popular among the masses globally.